Conditions: HIP PAIN
Hip pain is often the result of arthritis of the hip joint itself. Pain from the hip joint is most often felt in the groin area. The main types of arthritis are rheumatoid and osteoarthritis and both generally involve inflammation of the hip joint, causing swelling, pain and stiffness.
A relatively common complaint of pain at the side of the hip is often due to trochanteric bursitis. The trochanteric bursa is a fluid-filled sac located at the outer part of the hip, which reduces friction as tendons pass over the large bony surface of the thigh bone. Sometimes, the trochanteric bursa can become inflamed and irritated - known as trochanteric bursitis.
Irritated muscle groups can result in muscle aches and spasms and may be due to tension and strain within the muscles themselves. However, muscle pain can be referred from another source, like nerve irritation or joint pain. A thorough evaluation can help to determine the cause of the pain.
Sciatica is a commonly used term that refers to pain that starts at the low back and radiates down one or both of the lower extremities. The technical term for this syndrome of symptoms is called lumbar radiculopathy. Commonly, a degenerative disc can bulge or leak its contents (a gel-like substance from the middle of the disc that is very inflammatory) into the spinal canal area. The bulged disc or the inflammatory disc contents can irritate one or several nerve roots as they exit the spine. The irritated or compressed nerve roots create a specific pattern of pain from the low back/buttock area and down one or both of the lower extremities. If the upper lumbar nerve roots are affected (L1, L2, and/or L3), patients can have severe pain issues from the low back/buttock area and wrap around to the hip, groin and thigh area.
The discs in your lower back enable the spine to absorb shock, rotate and bend. Over time, discs can start to break down and deteriorate (leading to degenerative disc disease). Damage to a disc, can cause the contents of the nucleus pulposes (a gel-like substance in the middle of the disc) to leak into the spinal canal area and irritate the outer part of the disc itself. This often leads to diffuse pain at the low back or buttock area.
SACROILIAC JOINT PAIN
The sacroiliac joint is formed between the sacral spine (bottom of the spine) and the edges of the pelvis (iliac bone) . The sacroiliac joint transfers the weight of the upper body to both legs, or during motion, can shift the body's weight from one leg to the other. The sacroiliac joint can become inflamed and arthritic, which can result in significant buttock and thigh pain.